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Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease, known by most as gum disease, is a chronic bacterial infection of your gums. If left untreated, it will damage your gums and the bone that supports your teeth, eventually leading to tooth loss. Periodontal disease has other, more serious health problems associated with it, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, Alzheimer's, and preterm, low-birth-weight babies. Your oral health plays a big factor in your overall health. We here at Arizona Institute for Periodontics & Dental Implants, along with Dr. Davis, can help.

You can spots the signs of gum disease. Indications include:
•  bad breath
•  loose or sensitive teeth
•  gums that are swollen, painful, or bleeding

Even though some signs are undeniable, we ask patients to still be checked by Dr. Davis because periodontal disease is not always obvious. A bacterial infection may be silently but progressively destroying the soft gum tissues and bone that support your teeth.

There are many factors that can contribute to the beginnings of bacterial infection, and your oral hygiene is just one way. Other factors include:
•  grinding or clenching
•  dentures or bridges that need adjusting
•  high stress
•  your general health
•  medications you are taking
•  systemic diseases
•  genetics
•  poor diet
•  tobacco use, which can also influence treatment effectiveness and disease recurrence

There Are Different Stages of Periodontal Disease


Gingivitis is the most mild form of the disease. It is caused by bacteria irritating the gums. Bacteria is found in plaque, that sticky film that forms on the teeth and gums. As it hardens into calculus, it forms a rough surface along the gum line onto which more plaque accumulates, causing more irritation and swelling. Although this usually results in sore, bleeding gums, bad breath and spaces between the gums and teeth (pockets), there is no damage to the bone at this point.

Periodontitis is the next progressive step in periodontal disease. This occurs when plaque and possibly calculus are found below the gum line. The gums become irritated and bright red. They bleed easily when brushing or flossing and shrink back, or recede. The ligaments that attach the tooth roots to the bone break down and the gum detaches and pulls away from the teeth. The pockets deepen and fill with more bacteria. The damage to ligaments and bone results in loose teeth that can begin to shift and eventually fall out.

Advanced periodontitis is the final and most severe stage of the disease process. When periodontitis progresses to this advanced stage, pockets are deep and may fill with pus. There is typically swelling around tooth roots and sensitivity to hot or cold. As bone loss increases, tooth loss generally occurs. Sometimes the teeth need to be removed to preserve the overall health of your mouth.

We would love to assess and discuss your oral health with you. Leslie I. Davis, BDS, DDS, PC can make a difference in your comfort level, the health of your teeth and possibly your overall health. Contact our Sun City West, AZ office today at: (623) 584-0664.



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UPCOMING SEMINARS
Our seminars will resume in the fall.
Enjoy your summer!










13802 West Camino del Sol
Suite 103

Sun City West, AZ 85375

Take the first step towards a beautiful, healthy smile. Call our office today
(623) 584-0664

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Arizona Institute for Periodontics & Dental Implants | www.azimplantinstitute.com | (623) 584-0664
13802 W Camino del Sol, Suite 103, Sun City West, AZ 85375